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Simba's Domain


Cat Facts

 
Every cat's nose pad is unique, and no two nose prints are the same.
 
 
Cat in a Tree:  

Cats will more than likely come down on their own. Leave them alone to make their way down. Give them an entire day to do so. Tempt them with their favorite strong-smelling food. If the cat is injured, wearing a leash that could choke them, or hasn't come down in a day, you need  to climb up and get them, whether up the tree itself, or with a ladder. Grab them by the skin on the back of the neck and make your first attempt at reaching them a good  
one - they may flee further up the tree. The Humane Society  may be able to assist you if you are not able to reach the cat yourself.
 
 
 
A cat's hearing capability is five times greater than that of a human. However, at about 5 years of age, this capability lessens somewhat. A cat can rotate its ears 180  degrees and can locate the source of a sound ten times faster than the most capable watchdog.  

A cat can not see directly under its nose. This is why it  sometimes can not quickly find treats thrown on the floor. 


If a cat is frightened, its hair stands up evenly all over the body; when the cat is ready to attack, the hair stands up only along the spine and tail.
 
 
Body Language  

Even without making a sound, a cat can announce her emotional state in no uncertain terms. Your pet's entire body tells you how she's feeling and how you should react. Here's how cats express some common emotions -- from head to tail.
 
Happy and Relaxed

Ears - Pointing forward and slightly outward
Eyes - Open or half closed (sleepy), with pupils  normal size, showing contentment with long, slow blinks

Tail - Curved down, then up at the tip
 
Excited

Ears - Standing straight up and pointing forward
Eyes - Wide open and sparkling
Tail - Standing straight up or raised slightly and curved
 
Anxious or Agitated

Ears - Twitching
Eyes - Wide open, with enlarged pupils
Tail - Held low, possibly between hind legs, or with tip shaking 
 
On the Offensive (Beware!)

Ears - Held flat back against the head
Eyes - Pupils fully dilated, making eyes look totally black
Back - Arched, with fur like a porcupine
Tail - Swishing from side to side, arched, or standing straight up with fur puffed out 


 Here's the purr-fect picture of a comfy and secure cat
 
When your cat gets to know you and feel secure in your care,
she will show some unmistakable signs of comfort and trust.
These are general behaviors that cats in the wild exhibit either only among their own kind or when they feel safe from predators or other threats. So take them as a compliment. Your pet is saying, "I know I don't have to worry when you're around."

You'll know your cat loves and trusts you when she:
 
"Does the two step" on your lap.  This is the same motion they used when nursing as kittens.
 
Greets you with her tail held high and straight, as if to say, "I'm so happy To see you!"

Rolls over to expose her belly, not always to invite you to scratch it, but to show she trusts you enough to assume this vulnerable position.

Facts about why cats groom
 
--So, why do cats groom themselves, anyway?

Cats are fastidious creatures, who seem to take a lot of "pride" in their appearance and will normally
spend a lot of time maintaining their coat in good condition.  Of course the primary aim is to keep the coat in good order.  Cats have a routine that enables them to get at almost every part of their body with the tongue, which is equipped with comb-like spines to help in the process. 
The few spots around the head and ears they can't reach with the tongue are cleaned with the inner "dew claw," which is licked and then rubbed on the coat.

Besides removing dead hairs and sloughed skins cells,
the tongue stimulates skin glands to produce a light
film of oil which in effect, waterproofs the skin.

Grooming has two other important functions.  First,
because a cat does not sweat from most of its body
surface, the evaporation of saliva from the coat acts
to keep kitty cool in hot weather.

Also, when two or more cats share a home, mutual
grooming plays an important role in bonding, especially between a female and her young.  (This can also help to get to those hard to reach spots!)

--And - what does it mean when your cat stops grooming?

If your cat stops her regular grooming routine, you
will notice it immediately, as her coat will lose its luster and become dull and matted. 

Why does she stop grooming? 

Usually it means that she is feeling generally ill, but
it could also mean that she is suffering from a specific
problem that makes the grooming motions painful.  For example, she could have sore gums, an ulcer on the tongue, or even arthritis in the vertebrae of the neck - all things that would definitely make grooming quite uncomfortable, to say the least.  (This may be a signal that a trip to vet is in order to check for a possible worsening or more serious condition, so keep a close eye on her.)
Once a sick cat starts to groom herself again, you know that this is a sure sign things are improving and the little "patient" has started to regain her normal interest in life.

According to The Humane Society of The United States:

--The number of animal shelters in the United
States - between 4,000 and 6,000.

--The number of cats and dogs entering shelters
each year - 8 to 12 million.

--The number of cats and dogs euthanized by
shelters each year - 4 TO 5 million

--Number of cats and dogs adopted from shelters
each year - 3 to 5 million

--Number of cats and dogs reclaimed by owners
from shelters each year - between 600,000 and
750,000 (15% of animals entering shelters)

--The average number of litters a fertile cat
can produce in one year - 3

--The average number of kittens in an average
feline litter - 4 to 6

--In seven years, the number of cats one female
and her offspring can theoretically produce -
420,000!

--FALLING FELINE FACTOID:
We've all heard amazing stories of how cats have fallen from heights of 120 feet and much more and have lived to meow about it. Yet on the other hand, we hear stories of how cats have fallen only one or two stories and have not survived the landing. Why is that?
The reason probably has something to do with what the cats are able to do as they are falling. First of all, they have to use their sense of balance and vision to twist their heads into the proper alignment so they can right themselves. When that's done they can get the spine into the normal position and straighten the hind legs. Cats also need enough time to free fall while spreading out the legs and relaxing. If there is not enough time to accomplish this important step, then the chances for a very serious or even fatal injury are much more likely. So then, having a greater distance to fall would allow the time needed to get everything "done" before meeting the ground.
(This does not mean that they won't escape any kind
of injury, however.) Hopefully the only thing wounded would be their pride!



* THE FIRST CAT SHOW WAS ON BROADWAY:

The first cat show in America took place on
March 6, 1881 at a museum on Broadway in New
York City. According to published reports of
the time, the cats in the show were not very
happy about being put on display. It seems
there was a whole lot of hissing, scratching,
and clawing going on during the judging.

--CAT Quiz: FACT OR FICTION:

Are the following statements about your kitties based
in reality or myth? See how you do...

--1. Cats can see in the dark.

--2. Cats naturally kill mice and rats.

--3. Cats rub their paws against you (kneading) because
they think you are their mother.

--4. Cats can always see better than humans.

--5. Cats and dogs can't get along.

--6. Cats are fine in hot and cold outdoor weather.

--7. All Persians look pretty much the same.


--Answers to Cat Quiz: FACT OR FICTION:


--1. Cats can see in the dark.
FALSE. There has to be some light for a
cat to see. They use their sensitive noses,
ears, and whiskers to navigate, but they cannot
see in total darkness.


--2. Cats naturally kill mice and rats.
FALSE. No, they naturally CHASE them. They have
to learn from their mothers when they are kittens
to kill and eat what they've captured. Some turn
rodents into toys; other into meals.


--3. Cats rub their paws against you (kneading) because
they think you are their mother.
TRUE. Kittens stimulate the flow of milk by kneading
against their mother. They've transferred this
caring motion to you, their surrogate mothers.


--4. Cats can always see better than humans.
FALSE. During the day, humans can see better.


--5. Cats and dogs can't get along. FALSE
If they are raised together, they can get along
just fine.


--6. Cats are fine in hot and cold outdoor weather.
FALSE. Actually, their fur coats aren't that
protective.


--7. All Persians look pretty much the same.
FALSE. For starters, there are more than 50
different colors of Persian cats.

--WE LOVE LEFTIES: YOU PUT YOUR LEFT PAW IN...
Cats have a tendency to be southpaws, or lefties, leading more often with the left paw than with the right. This fact was discovered after patient observation by Professor J. Cole of Oxford University

--SOME REAL "CAT"CHY EXPRESSIONS: WHERE DID THEY COME FROM?

Our language today is full of descriptive phrases that refer to cats. We use them frequently without realizing the rich and colorful history that lies behind them.
Here's a few of the most common ones you probably use quite frequently:

--CAT GOT YOUR TONGUE?:
This refers to asking why someone is so quiet or why they are not talking. The phrase originated hundreds of years ago in the Middle East. When people were caught lying, their punishment was to have their tongues ripped or cut out and fed to the king's cats.


--LIKE A CAT ON A HOT TIN ROOF:
This phrase refers to someone who is jumpy and nervous. This is the title of A Tennessee Williams' play. The characters behave like cats would if they were literally up on a hot tin roof of a house.

Going further back in time, there was an English expression, "Nimble as a cat on a hot bake stone."
A bake stone was a large flat stone that was heated and used to bake bread. If a cat were to walk on it when it was heated, he would certainly be in a hurry to get away from it.

--IT'S RAINING CATS AND DOGS!
This means a very hard downpour of rain. One explanation of this phrase goes back to the 1500's when houses had thatched roofs made of thick straw piled up high without wood support underneath. Since the roof was the warmest spot in the house, the household's cats and dogs, (along with mice, rats, and bugs,) would all nestle in the roof. However, when it rained, the roof became very slippery and the animals would slip and fall off to the ground below.

--CATCALLS:
These are the boos the audience gives to the performers for bad acting in the theater. Back in the time of Shakespeare, people would demonstrate their dislike for the stage actors' performances by making noises that sounded like an alley full of howling cats.

--LET THE CAT OUT OF THE BAG:
This phrase means to disclose a secret. In Medieval England, piglets were sold at the market in bags for ease in transporting by the buyer. Dishonest sellers often tried to trick buyers by putting a cat in the bag. If a careful buyer inspected the bag and found a cat, then he would literally "let the cat out of the bag," exposing the fraud.

So the next time you hear one of these "cat-chy" phrases or use one yourself, you'll be able to tell people all the fascinating history behind it!

--Cats shed more in the light. It seems that even the
glow from a TV can cause more cat hair to fall out.

--Cats groom more in sunlight. It could be that they
need to deposit more saliva to keep them cool.

--Cats in colder climates tend to be larger so that they
can hold body heat.

--Cats eat more in cold weather and less when it's hot.


*****************************

--PEOPLE FOOD:


--TO EAT OR NOT TO EAT? - THAT'S THE KITTY'S QUESTION:


Can you name 20 people foods your little feline should
not eat? How about 10? Okay, 5? Let me help you with
this list:


--NOT TO EAT:


--Uncooked bread dough:
This causes gastric problems and intoxication from the
fermentation. Get to the vet ASAP if you cat eats any.


--Baby food:
This has low nutritional value for cats and has onion
powder that causes anemia in cats.


--Onion:
It tastes good to cats, but is toxic because it has a
a chemical that harms red blood cells and (leads to
anemia.)


--Cooked goldfish (?): Well, this may not qualify as
people food unless you're a show-off college student.
Haha! It bears mentioning here because cats are often
depicted as hovering over the goldfish bowl looking
for a quick snack. The goldfish contains an enzyme
that destroys vitamin B, but if your cat should eat
one, she's not in any danger.


--Raw fish:
These can cause vitamin deficiencies if eaten in large
quantities.


--Cooked fish:
Give this to your cat only occasionally because,
unfortunately, there are too many pollutants in our
fish these days.


--People tuna:
Tuna can make cats sick if fed regularly because it lacks
the nutrients cats need. It also has too much fat and
salt. (Buy only high quality cat tuna.)


--Milk or cream:
This is dangerous even in small quantities because a cat
cannot digest the lactose in them - and this causes severe
diarrhea. You can give them an occasion treat of lactose
free milk.


--Cheese:
It contains too much fat, and like milk, causes diarrhea.


--Raw or undercooked eggs:
These are not good for people, either! This can cause
a salmonella infection. Raw egg whites can destroy certain
vitamins, leading to skin problems. (Scrambled eggs are
okay, if well cooked.)


--Liver:
Rare or partly raw liver can lead to hypervitaminosis,
which doesn't sound good at all! Well cooked liver is
okay as an occasional treat. Liver flavoring is okay.


--Fish bones:
These are more dangerous than any other kind of bone!


--Turkey and chicken bones:
Avoid these as well, unless you've cooked them in a
pressure cooker and they are very soft, not brittle.
In this case, they are good for your cat, especially
the marrow.


--Table scraps:
Avoid feeding your cat from the table. For one
thing, it makes them finicky!


--Seasonings and preservatives:
Always avoid feeding these to your cat. Try to cut
down on them yourself, especially the salty stuff!


--Fats, salt, and sugars - you know - the "good" stuff:
These are all the fatty, greasy, salty, and sweet foods
that we shouldn't eat either, but they give us so much
comfort, don't they! (There's noting like a nice hot
dog or a couple of strips of bacon!) They cause obesity,
tooth decay and digestive problems in cats (yes, and
in people, too.)


--A totally vegetarian diet:
We've talked about this in the past - Cats are carnivores
and need their meat and fish! Vegetarian diets, though
good for humans, can be lethal to your cat.


--Candy and chocolate:
Sugar can cause obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay.
The darker and more bitter the chocolate, the more
deadly it is for your cat. 16 ounces of chocolate is
a fatal amount. (This also includes cocoa.)


--Caffeine:
Do not feed your cat coffee, colas, tea, or any other
caffeinated foods.


--Dog food:
I know, this is not a people food (well, at least for
nobody I know personally), but it deserves a mention
here. If you have a dog in the household and think that
it's a good idea to feed the cat its food, too - think
again! Dog food causes blindness in cats because it
is deficient in taurine, which is an essential nutrient
for felines. Also, a dog food diet for a cat can cause
heart failure.


I know, you've probably heard stories from others who
have fed their cats some or most of the above, and they
are doing just fine! I guess there are exceptions to
every rule. It seems to be the same with people, too.

--Most cats eat what they need and then stop. But both
neutered male and female tend to eat more than they need.
As a result, they can become a little "portly" and develop
a somewhat unsightly sagging belly. Just look at poor Marlee...


--Most white, blue-eyed cats are deaf. White cats with
only one blue eye may be deaf only in the ear on the
same side as the blue eye. White cats with orange eyes
generally don't have this disability.


--If you give your cat tap water, it is best to let it
sit for about 24 hours before serving. The chlorine in
fresh tap water will irritate the sensitive parts of
most cats' noses.


--It has been said, "You can take a cat out of the wild,
but you can?ake the wild out of the cat." A kitten
hand raised inside still retains her hunting abilities.

--FELINE FIRST AID:


Cats do have accidents; they may be hit by a car,
fall from a considerable height, get burned, bitten,
or become wounded in any number of ways. So as a
responsible cat owner, you should know a couple of
basics about handling an emergency.


Administering first aid to a cat is, without a doubt,
a challenge for the average non-veterinarian cat owner.
But being able to give some kind immediate attention
to an injury could mean the difference between life
and death for your precious feline companion. It's
certainly not the time to be faint of heart! So it
is important that you know what to do in certain
situations.


Your best bet is to call your vet immediately, or
better yet, have someone else call the vet while you
attend to your cat. Keep the phone number of your vet
and the location of the 24 hour animal hospital in a
place near the phone, (or entered into your cell phone).


Here are just a few of the basics:


--What to do if your cat has stopped breathing:
Open the cat's mouth, check for obstacles to breathing,
and remove with your fingers to remove anything you see
that is blocking the airway. You could even try swinging
your cat by the hind legs.


--What to do if your cat gets burned:
Apply cold water or ice to the injured area. If you
know that chemicals are involved, wash the site thoroughly,
using large amounts of water.


--What to do if your cat is bleeding:
Try to stop the flow by applying pressure to the area.
Cover the wound with a gauze pad soaked in cold water
(known as cold water compress) and then apply pressure.


--What to do if your cat has suffered a blow and is
unconscious or very weak:
Keep your cat in a horizontal position. Do not lift
her head, as blood, vomit, or saliva could flow back
and block her airway. Your first priority is to move
her out of harm's way, using a blanket as a stretcher.


--What to do if your cat has ingested poison:
If your cat has ingested poison, she will probably
collapse. The proper response depends on the particular
type of poison. Some types will require an emetic,
while others will not. Try to keep a sample of whatever
your cat has consumed, so that the vet can determine
the exact nature of the poison.


If your cat has consumed poison by licking fur, then
prevent her from additional licking by wrapping her in
a blanket, leaving only her head sticking out.


If your cat is in shock, she will feel cold and will
have a rapid pulse. Keep her warm by wrapping her in
a blanket.


All first aid is an interim to veterinary attention.
Your vet will give you further instructions over the
phone about what to do immediately in each given
situation. Try to keep your head and stay calm so
you can follow directions correctly. Your kitty will
be counting on you!


ALL ABOUT FELINE SENSES

Cats possess highly developed senses that to make them
expert better predators. Cats are exciting to watch
whether they are on the prowl, playing or stalking a
potential snack. These are the most important feline
senses:


--HEARING:
Cats can detect higher frequencies of sound than many other
mammals including dogs. Their hearing is so developed that
cats can determine the direction of a noise or sound with
no more than a 5 degree error. This sense of hearing enables
them to be very effective predators.


--VISION:
Although the cats visual ability is about 10 times less than
that of humans, they possess a retina whose structure provides
them with "movement detectors" to help them locate potential
prey. Cats also have excellent night vision and are able to
track their prey in dark environments.


--SMELL:
The cat's sense of smell is its primary resource for identifying
things in its environment. Cats are capable of sensing 200
million odors and they live in a sensory world completely apart
from ours. A cat?ense of smell is very important and may
even result in some puzzling and disturbing behavior.


--WHISKERS:
Each whisker is an intricate receptor designed allow the cat
to sense the smallest changes in the environment such as tiny
movements, air currents, or changes in air pressure, temperature
or wind direction. Whiskers help a cat navigate at night and
help it determine if it can fit through small spaces. Cats
can even change the position of their whiskers when hunting
in order to collect information about their prey. We may think
that whiskers are just a cute feature of our pet cat, but they
really play a vital role in its survival.


--TOUCH:
Cats enjoy being touched by both cats and humans. From early
infancy the mother cat grooms her kittens to demonstrate her
affection. You should also provide your cat with lots of
gentle handling on a daily basis when it is young if you
want it to develop into the kind of cat that likes to be held
and cuddled.


--About 10 percent of a cat's bones is in its tail. The
cat's body contains 245 bones. But as they age some of
the bones fuse together and the number of bones decreases.

--The average life expectancy of a cat is between 15 to
18 years. The oldest cat on record lived to be 36 years
old. (And that's way off the age comparison chart!)

--The normal body temperature of a cat is 102 degrees.

--Cats respond better to women than men. A possible reason
is that since women have higher pitched voices, it reminds
cats of a mother cat calling her kittens. (So they say!)

--Don't feed your cat raw egg whites because they
contain an enzyme that breaks down the vitamin biotin,
which is essential to your cat's health.

--Cats with white fur and skin on their ears are very
prone to sunburn. Frequent sunburns can lead to skin
cancer. Many white cats need surgery to remove all or
part of a cancerous ear. Preventive measures include
sunscreen, or better, keeping the cat indoors.

How to determine a kitty's age

How old is your kitty in human years?


A kitten's first year in life is equal to about 16 human
years. By the end of the second year she is about 21
human years. Then for each additional year she will age
about four human years. Got that? (That's about four
parties a year!)


Here's a chart to help you keep it all straight so you can
plan the celebrations accordingly:


CAT YEARS-----------------------HUMAN YEARS

1--------------------------------16
2--------------------------------21
3--------------------------------25
4--------------------------------29
5--------------------------------34
6--------------------------------38
7--------------------------------42
8--------------------------------46
9--------------------------------50
10--------------------------------54
15--------------------------------74
20--------------------------------94

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--FROM THE CAT'S CONSTITUTION: THE FELINE'S BILL OF RIGHTS:

Just like humans, cats are part of the family and have the
following rights:
 
--1. The right to be full members of your family.
They thrive on social interaction, praise, and love.
--2. The right to stimulation. They need new games, new toys, new experiences, and new smells to be happy.
--3. The right to regular exercise. Without it, they could become hyper, sluggish...or fat.
--4. The right to have fun. They enjoy acting like clowns now and then; but don't expect them to be predictable all the time.
--5. The right to quality health care. Please stay good friends with the vet!
--6. The right to a good diet. Like some people, they don't know what's best for them. They depend on you.
--7. The right not to be rejected because of expectations that they must be great show cats, or watch cats, etc.
--8. The right to receive proper training. Otherwise, their good relationship could be marred by confusion and strife and they could become dangerous to them- selves and others.
--9. The right to guidance and correction based on under- standing and compassion, rather than abuse.
--10. The right to live with dignity...and to die with dignity when the time comes.
(From Bob L.)

COMMON DISEASES OF FELINE SENIOR CITIZENS
 
Here are some signs and symptoms of some of the common diseases
found in our older cats:

--CANCER:

--Abnormal swellings that persist or continue to grow
--Sores that do not heal
--Weight loss
--Loss of appetite
--Bleeding or discharge from any body opening
--Offensive odor
--Difficulty eating or swallowing
--Hesitation to exercise or loss of stamina
--Difficulty breathing, urinating or defecating
 
--DENTAL DISEASE:

--Bad breath
--Difficulty eating or swallowing
--Drooling
--Food dropping from mouth when eating
--Weight loss

--HYPERTHYROIDISM:

--Increased activity
--Increased appetite
--Weight loss
--Increased thirst and urination
--Vomiting
--Labored or increased rate of respiration
--Increased heart rate (pulse)
 
--KIDNEY FAILURE/DISEASE:

--Increased urination and thirst
--Weight loss
--Vomiting
--Loss of appetite
--Depression and lethargy
--Diarrhea
--Blood in vomit or black, tarry stool
--Bad breath and oral ulcers
--Inflammatory bowel disease Diarrhea
--Vomiting
--Mucous or blood in stool
--Increased frequency of defecation
--Defecating outside of litter box
--Weight loss

--DIABETES:

--Increased thirst and urination
--Weight loss or weight gain
--Decreased activity, weakness
--Change in appetite
--Vomiting
--Walk on their hocks

--OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY:

--Exercise intolerance
--Unkempt hair coat, especially in anal area

--FELINE HEPATIC LIPIDOSIS:

--Obese cat with sudden loss of appetite
--Subsequent weight loss
--Depression
--Vomiting
--Yellow gums
--Behavior changes

--ANEMIA:

--Exercise intolerance
--Very light colored gums

--HEART DISEASE:

--Exercise intolerance
--Labored and increased rate of breathing
--Weight loss
--Paralysis of rear legs

--LIVER DISEASE:

--Vomiting
--Loss of appetite
--Diarrhea
--Abdominal distention
--Yellow or pale gums
--Behavior changes
--Weight loss

--BLADDER STONES:
 
--Difficulty urinating
--Urinating outside the litter box
--Blood in the urine
--Arthritis Difficulty jumping and with stairs
--Behavior change - irritable, reclusive
--Urinating or defecating outside of litter box

If you observe any of these symptoms in between regular
check ups, take your cat to your vet right away.

(Taken from an article by Holly R. Frisby, DVM)

 
Cat Facts
 
Cats get their sense of security from your voice. Talk to your
cats! And be mindful of your tone of voice. Cats know when
you're yelling at them (though they may not care).

The more cats are spoken to, the more they will speak to you.

A group of cats is called a clowder of cats. 

The richest cat in the Guinness Book of World Records is a pair
of cats who inherited $415,000 in the early '60s. The richest
single cat is a white alley cat who inherited $250,000. (Now
that will buy a lot of catnip!)

The Giraffe, Camel and Cat are the only animals that walk by
moving both their left feet, then both their right feet, when
walking. This method of walking ensures speed, agility and
silence.

A fifteen year old cat has probably spent ten years of its life
sleeping
 
Don't put your cat on an all-vegetarian diet. Cats need protein
to survive.

Catnip can affect lions and tigers as well as house cats

Never feed your cat dog food. Cats need five times more
protein than dogs do.
 
"Pair bonds" can develop between two cats who live together, or
between a cat and a person.

A cat that bites you after you have rubbed his stomach, is
probably biting out of pleasure, not anger.

An adult cat has 32 teeth.

Never leave your cat in a vehicle alone. On summer days,
temperatures in an automobile can reach 160 degrees in just
minutes, even with the windows cracked.

According to myth, a cat sleeping with all four paws tucked
under means cold weather is coming.

Each year Americans spend four billion dollars on cat food.
That's one billion dollars more than they spend on baby food!

Expect to spend an average of $80 per year on vet bills, for the
lifetime of each cat you own.

It costs $7000 to care for one household cat over its lifetime.
This covers only the necessities; the pampered pet will carry a
higher price.

In an average year, American cat owners spend $2.15 billion on
cat food and $295 million on kitty litter.




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Cat Facts